Sex reassignment surgery SRS , also known as gender reassignment surgery GRS and several other names, is a surgical procedure or procedures by which a transgender person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble those socially associated with their identified gender. It is part of a treatment for gender dysphoria in transgender people. The term is also sometimes used to describe surgical intervention for intersex people. Professional medical organizations have established Standards of Care that apply before someone can apply for and receive reassignment surgery, including psychological evaluation, and a period of real-life experience living in the desired gender. Feminization surgeries are surgeries that result in anatomy that is typically gendered female.
Sex reassignment surgery (female-to-male)
Male to Female Sex Reassignment Surgery | Costhetics
Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. In female-to-male transsexuals, the operative procedures are usually performed in different stages: first the subcutaneous mastectomy which is often combined with a hysterectomy-ovarectomy endoscopically assisted. The next operative procedure consists of the genital transformation and includes a vaginectomy, a reconstruction of the horizontal part of the urethra, a scrotoplasty and a penile reconstruction usually with a radial forearm flap or an alternative. After about one year, penile erection prosthesis and testicular prostheses can be implanted when sensation has returned to the tip of the penis. The authors provide a state-of-the-art overview of the different gender reassignment surgery procedures that can be performed in a female-to-male transsexual. Transsexual patients have the absolute conviction of being born in the wrong body and this severe identity problem results in a lot of suffering from early childhood on.
What to know about female-to-male surgery
Most transmen will begin their gender confirmation journey with hormone testosterone therapy and supportive counseling. In addition to these two vital components, many transmen opt to undergo surgery to complete their transition process. In fact, gender transition surgeries are considered medically necessary by the American Medical Association.
Sex reassignment surgery for female-to-male transgender people includes a variety of surgical procedures that alter anatomical traits to provide physical traits more comfortable to the trans man's male identity and functioning. Often used to refer to phalloplasty , metoidoplasty , or vaginectomy , sex reassignment surgery can also more broadly refer to many procedures an individual may have, such as male chest reconstruction , hysterectomy , or oophorectomy. Sex reassignment surgery is usually preceded by beginning hormone treatment with testosterone. Also called "top surgery", male chest reconstruction is any of a variety of surgeries to remove breast tissue, and provide shaping of a male contoured chest. Surgeries for female-to-male transgender patients have similarities to both gynecomastia surgeries for cisgender men, breast reduction surgery for gigantomastia , and the separate mastectomies done for breast cancer.