Interstitial cystitis IC is a chronic bladder problem caused by inflammation or irritation of the bladder wall. In IC, scarring of the bladder causes the bladder to stiffen, decreasing the amount of urine it can comfortably hold. IC is sometimes called bladder pain syndrome, or frequency-urgency-dysuria syndrome. Symptoms vary greatly from person to person, ranging from mild to very severe.
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Your bladder, kidneys, ureters and urethra make up your urinary system. When you have interstitial cystitis, the walls of your bladder become irritated and inflamed shown right , compared with those of a normal bladder shown top. The pain ranges from mild discomfort to severe pain. The condition is a part of a spectrum of diseases known as painful bladder syndrome. Your bladder is a hollow, muscular organ that stores urine. The bladder expands until it's full and then signals your brain that it's time to urinate, communicating through the pelvic nerves. This creates the urge to urinate for most people.
Interstitial cystitis IC is a complex condition that is identified by chronic inflammation of the bladder muscle layers, which produces the following symptoms:. Discomfort can range from a mild burning sensation to severe pain. The degree of discomfort can be persistent or infrequent. Some people have periods of remission. Women are most likely to develop IC, but children and adult men can get it as well.
It is a feeling of pain and pressure in the bladder area. Along with this pain are lower urinary tract symptoms which have lasted for more than 6 weeks, without having an infection or other clear causes. Symptoms range from mild to severe. For some patients the symptoms may come and go, and for others they don't go away. The bladder and kidneys are part of the urinary system, the organs in our bodies that make, store, and pass urine.